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Backcountry Skiing, Snowboarding, Mountaineering and Alpine Touring

Ski and Snow Board Mountaineering Equipment

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Backcountry ski and snowboard mountaineering trips and equipment.
Ski Mountaineering and Alpine Touring (AT)

Description: Mountaineering refers to mountain climbing. Ski and Snowboard mountaineering, also known as Alpine Touring (AT) or backcountry randonee, refers to climbing the mountain on/with skis or on/with a snowboard. By definition, this endeavor is in the backcountry, outside of the boundaries of a resort.

Mountaineering Group

Mountaineering Group

The equipment one uses and carries is also much different from that used within a ski resort. Avalanche beacons, probes, shovels and rescue gear are essential in unpredictable conditions. The standard ski and snowboard are hardly suitable. Mountaineering skis, bindings and boots are typically much lighter as it is you who provides the energy to fight gravity and not the ski lift. A type of snowboard known as a splitboard is used which allows the boarder to move like a skier uphill. Both mountaineering skis and splitboards use a binding which allows the foot to articulate in an nordic ski (cross country ski) fashion where the toe is allowed to pivot and the heal is permitted to move up and down to allow one to travel in a natural human walking motion.

Ski Mountaineering / Alpine Touring (AT) Equipment:

The skis and boots used for ski mountaineering are typically lighter than their downhill alpine counterparts but still quite similar. It is the bindings which are most unique as they support two modes of operation:
  1. Cross country ski binding mode: the toe is attached but allowed to pivot and the heal is free to move up and down. An adjustable block or riser is under the heal to raise it while going uphill to maintain a proper ankle geometry.
  2. Downhill boot binding mode: the heal is locked to the ski so the entire boot is fixed to the ski like a regular downhill alpine ski.

Mountaineering Ski Bindings
Diamir Mountaineering ski bindings

Skins with angled fibers are applied to the bottom of the skis so that a forward sliding motion is enabled but a backward slide is not. The skins are removed at the top of the mountain and one travels downhill on the regular ski or snowboard base.

Video showing the features of the Marker AT "Duke", "Baron", "Touring F12" and "Touring F10" bindings:

Also see: Marker Duke EPF
Duke Pros: strength, rigidity and durability for alpine downhill.
Duke Cons: One must remove boot from binding in order to change modes which release/lock heel of binding.

Salomon "Guardian" AT binding:


Salomon Guardian

The Guardian binding can transition from Alpine Touring mode to downhill using your ski pole. It is required that the heal lift be pulled up under the boot to keep the heal from locking in AT mode. I found the Swix ski poles with the "Add" or "Park" grip really worked well for manipulating the heal lift.

Manufacturers Links:

Take a look at our coverage of traditional alpine ski bindings and ski equipment


Skins:

Mountaineering Ski Skins
Black Diamond: Backcountry mountaineering ski skins

Originally ski skins were made of seal fur but are now made of nylon fabric which allow the ski to slide forward but not backward. On the other side they have a tacky surface which sticks to the ski surface but is easily removable. A metal loop fits over the point at the front of the ski so that it will not work its way aft. There is usually a clip at the rear but this seems to be optional. While the skins do allow forward travel, they are usually removed for the descent as the ski slides better without the skins attached. This system is much more effective than the old "fish scale" surface found on cross country "Nordic" skis. For extreme terrain, ski crampons are also available.

Snowboard Mountaineering Equipment:

Snowboarders can hike on snowshoes (lots of work) or use a splitboard. The splitboard is a snowboard split into two halves which can act as mountaineering skis to travel up the mountain and then assemble together into a single snowboard to travel down the mountain.

Mountaineering Splitboard
Snowboard mode

Mountaineering Splitboard
Bindings removed

Mountaineering Splitboard
Bindings reattached in cross country ski configuration

Mountaineering Splitboard

Splitboards also require skins to be attached to travel up the mountain without sliding backwards.

Mountaineering Ski Skins
Mountaineering skins

Apo park and splitboard quick attach/release bindings


Spark R&D splitboard bindings

These splitboard bindings from Spark R&D offer features for snowboard mountaineering. Detachable crampons can be added for aggressive climbs.


Voile splitboard and bindings
Voile Corp is the patent holder for current splitboard binding attachment and is extending their product line for 2012-2013 with new boards and binding offerings.

Manufacturers:
  • Apo - park and splitboard bindings, mounts, latches, clips and crampons.
  • Karakoram - bindings, mounts, latches, clips and crampons.
  • Sparkrandd - splitboard binding
  • Voile

A full list of splitboard manufacturers are listed on our MountainYahoos.com Snowboard equipment Splitboard list of manufacturers

Mountaineering and Alpine Touring (AT) Accessories:


Spark R&D collapsible poles for the splitboarder
Fill length poles are used for the uphill climb and collapsed for the downhill ride.

MountainYahoos.com Ski Poles: poles with arresting features and video of collapsible poles.

Manufacturers Links:

Also see our coverage of avalanche safety gear and equipment

Mountaineering and Alpine Touring (AT) Locations:

Wasatch Utah
Wasatch Mountains Utah (across from Alta)

Locations:

  • Western United States of America:
    • High Sierra mountains California
    • Wasatch Mountains Utah (where the photos above were taken)
    • Teton Pass Wyoming
    • Loveland Pass Colorado
    • Berthoud Pass Colorado
    • Valdez Alaska
  • Western Canada:
    • Rogers Pass British Columbia
    • Wapta Traverse Alberta
    • Banff Alberta
  • Europe:

Links:

Also see the MountainYahoos.com guide to Avalanche safety gear and Avalanche training and education.


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